The flag raising at Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945 during the battle for the island of Iwo Jima

In December 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II. Americans and their allies battled the Axis Powers on land in Europe and North Africa and on the sea in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Mediterranean. By August 1945 the Allies defeated the Axis power, but only after heavy casualties and the atomic bombing of two Japanese cities.

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